The curriculum framework explores six content areas: number, algebra, geometry, measure, handling data and problem solving. The first five content areas are all underpinned by problem solving, which provides a structure for the application of mathematical skills. Mental strategies are also an important part of the number content. The curriculum focuses on principles, patterns, systems, functions and relationships, so that learners apply their mathematical knowledge and develop a holistic understanding of the subject.

For Cambridge Secondary 1 Mathematics, the curriculum is presented in six content areas or ‘strands’. These are further divided into ‘substrands’. The six strands and substrands are:


  • Integers, powers and roots
  • Place value, ordering and rounding
  • Fractions, decimals, percentages, ratio and proportion
  • Calculation


  • Expressions, equations and formulae
  • Sequences, functions and graphs


  • Shapes and geometric reasoning
  • Position and movement


  • Length, mass and capacity
  • Times and rates of change
  • Area, perimeter and volume

Handling data

  • Planning and collecting data
  • Processing and presenting data
  • Interpreting and discussing results
  • Probability

Problem solving

  • Using techniques and skills in solving mathematical problems
  • Using understanding and strategies in solving problems